Carbon farming

Carbon farming is the process of changing agricultural practices or land use to increase the amount of carbon stored in the soil and vegetation (sequestration) and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from livestock, soil or vegetation (avoidance).

Carbon farming potentially offers landholders financial incentives to reduce carbon pollution, but should always aim to achieve multiple economic and environmental co-benefits. The Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development can provide scientific assessments of the technical feasibility and risks, but anyone contemplating participating in carbon farming should seek appropriate legal and technical advice.


  • Rangeland regeneration has the potential to sequester large amounts of carbon because of the large areas involved. Pastoral regeneration would also have extensive environmental benefits.

  • Farmers can now claim carbon credits in the Emission Reduction Fund (ERF) for trees planted on farmland cleared prior to 1990.

  • Mating ewes early (at eight to 10 months of age) could enable farmers to reduce whole farm methane production because this practice would also reduce the number of adult ewes.